Director Life Insurnace
Director Life Insurance policies are suitable for those who have set up a limited company. Also known as Relevant Life Cover, they are available to those who have too few employees to qualify for a group policy. They offer peace of mind for directors and a tax efficient way to leave a lump sum benefit for families.
Life Insurance specifically for directors is an insurance product – also known as Relevant Life Cover – which is a tax-efficient way for directors to provide a predetermined tax-free lump sum, to a chosen beneficiary in the event of the policyholder’s death.
Life Insurance can give you the peace of mind that should anything happen to you, your loved ones would be taken care of financially.
When it comes to Life Insurance directors have the opportunity to take out a tax-efficient policy to protect their family financially. Also known as Relevant Life Insurance, this is applied for and paid for by the small business, the policy is written into trust so it pays the benefit cash sum to the director’s beneficiaries. This can also be applied to another employee, if the company is too small to take on a group policy. Normally the cost which is paid by the company is an allowable business expense and becomes part of the director or employee’s overall remuneration package.
Relevant Life Insurance, as with regular individual Life Insurance, is designed to pay out a beneficiary lump sum on your death, or in some cases on the diagnosis of a terminal illness (when you have been predicted to live less than 12 months).
Most Relevant Life Insurance policies are Level Term policies. This means that the sum insured is continuous throughout the whole term of the policy. So if you were to die early on or towards the end of the term, your beneficiaries would receive the same pay-out.
Life Insurance is not a legal requirement, but if you have anyone who relies on you financially, or a debt such as a mortgage, it is certainly something to consider. Think about how much your dependents would need to maintain their current standard of living if you were not there to provide for them. These costs may include your day-to-day bills, a mortgage or rent, school or university fees and more. If these costs cannot be covered by savings; then Life Insurance could be the answer. It can also be used for the purpose of leaving an inheritance behind, or to cover funeral costs or inheritance tax bills.
Group Life Insurance policies are only available to bigger companies. Relevant Life Insurance is aimed at small businesses, either with a small number of employees, or even those with just one director. Such companies would not normally be eligible for a Group Life Insurance scheme.
Director Life Insurance premiums are based on the same underlying factors as for all Life Insurance:
The difference with the cost of Director Life Insurance is that it can offer significant savings over regular Personal Life Insurance because of tax liabilities. The premiums are paid for by the business as an allowable business expense, so gain corporation tax relief at 20%. They are not classed as a taxable benefit in kind, so are affected by Employee National Insurance contribution or Income Tax. The benefit is paid into a trust which is set up at the beginning of the policy, which keeps the benefit outside the business and therefore means it is not eligible for tax on a claim. The pay-out also does not form part of your lifetime pension allowance, which is the case for most group schemes.
The table below demonstrates the two scenarios and potential savings:
Scenario 1: A personal policy paid for out of the net of income taxed earnings, where the director or employee is in the higher tax bracket:
|Employee National Insurance Contributions||£3.45|
|Higher Rate Income Tax @ 40%||£68.97|
|Gross Earnings Required||£172.42|
Scenario 2: A Relevant Life Insurance policy paid for by the limited company and benefiting the director or employee's beneficiaries:
|Employee National Insurance Contributions||n/a|
|Less Corporation Tax Relief @ 20%||£20|
|Gross Earnings Required||£80|
As you can see the combined savings of £92.42 are significant in this example. However, we would always recommend discussing your own personal circumstances with your accountant.
HMRC only approves the tax benefits of Relevant Life Insurance to cover for life, not with Critical Illness added, so in short, this is not possible. Most policies would pay out on the diagnosis of a critical illness if you are not predicted to survive longer than 12 months. For sickness insurance company directors could also consider Income Protection. Income Protection cannot be packaged together with Life Insurance in the same way Critical Illness cover can, but none-the-less it is relevant as another form of cover for illness and injury. Income Protection is designed to cover any medical reason why you cannot do your job, and provides a percentage of your wages (before tax) while you are unable to earn. This is paid in the form of a monthly income, compared to a lump sum with Critical Illness.
As long as you have a company structure to own and pay for the Life Insurance policy, you can make the most of Relevant Life Insurance. This includes a company where the Director is the only member of staff. However, if you are a self-employed sole trader, or work under an umbrella company, you would not be able to get Director Life Insurance of this kind. You would still be able to take out a regular Individual Life Insurance policy though.
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